In Keist Park, near Oak Cliff, Dallas, on Sunday afternoon, the sound of sticks can be heard in a grass field. DFW Kabucha gang – The local stickball team – plays in their weekly practice.
Stickball is a game where opposing teams use hand-made sticks for the ball and to hit or score a goal, depending on the region in which the game is played.
Eli J. Hickman founded DFW Kabutcha Toli in 2018 so he found other people to play with when he first started the game. Four years later, the club has about 30 members, a mix of elderly North Texans, men, women and children.
“Our tagline for this group is‘ Building Community Through Harder Hits ’and we call it Hard Hit, so we’re crashing into each other,” Hickman said. “But for me in the beginning, they were actually coming out and practicing in public because then it was just me and I had to get out of the hurdles I had for myself.”
The club has made stickball more accessible to Native Americans For Hickman, whose ancestors first invented the game, which was probably played in 1000 AD, this is a way to preserve a tradition deeply rooted in the local community. Many members are also part of Little Brother of War, which organizes stickball demonstrations to educate people.
Haus Villa, who joined the club four years ago, said Sunday’s practice helps him get away and helps Chichimeka Kohltekan remember the Indian or what he calls a “Southern Native”. They are indigenous communities that are now considered northeastern Mexico and southern Texas.
“When you’re out on the field and you’re playing a game, you’re like escaping from this little colonial world,” he said. “You’re in a place where none of this matters, like a time machine. You just have to be more discriminating with the help you render toward other people. ”
Stickball: Native American ‘Way of Life’
In many ways, stickball is a “way of life” for indigenous communities, according to him Terry Scott Ketchum, Joe is a Mississippi Choctaw in Oklahoma and is an assistant professor of cultural anthropology and chair of the Chicago Chair of Native American Studies at East Central University in Oklahoma.
He said, “The way they explain that this game was played before humans came to earth, it was really all water.” He said. “It was a game that the creator played on the other side – and so it has a deep connection.”
Ketchum, referred to as the “Creator’s Game,” said there was an original saying that the game was given to locals so that mothers in the clan would not have to send their grandchildren to the battlefield.
The game has also been referred to as “Little Brother of War” because it was used as a conflict resolution tool that would “allow the same kind of diplomatic consequences from violent conflict.”
Historically, stickball has also been at the center for local communities as a form of teaching about spirituality, maintaining cultural ties, and social empowerment, Kecham said. But around the 1830s, when the game of lacrosse emerged from stickball, it moved away from these values.
“[Lacrosse] In a way, it had moved away from the cultural context, “said Kecham,” and indeed the genre has become very competitive… entertainment. “
According to Ketchum, lacrosse really began to gain traction as a sport in the United States after the indigenous games were exhibited in the U.S. and Canada around 1830. At this time, there was active pressure on the locals to obey Western rules by forcibly relocating.
Canadians started the first non-native lacrosse team in the 1850s, Ketchum said, and the game became a major base in colleges in the Northeastern US in the early 1900s.
In modern times, lacrosse is still closely associated with affluent highbrow spaces such as Ivy League universities in the Northeast; And is often less accessible to Native American communities.
“When you think about the kind of humble beginnings that cultural sports teach as opposed to the competitive sports we see in recreational and pro sports today, it has become a kind of reflection of highly material-privileged spaces,” Ketchum said.
That’s why he says there are often “dissections” from the game’s indigenous origins. But at the same time, he emphasizes that scholars and local communities are working to educate people about that valuable history, such as how Lacrosse got its name.
“Lacrosse” was first created by a French Jesuit priest in Canada who watched a game and compared sticks to Jesuit priests. The term differs from the original definition of stickball in the vernacular, which refers to bumping hips or a stick. Confession
While Lacrosse is the successor to Stickball, both games are now being played – which Ketchum says is unique.
“Often, players who play in one play in both,” the cultural anthropologist said. “You have a lot of Iroquois Houdenosauni members who play box lacrosse, but who also play community games at the same time.”
The battle for survival
Little did most people know that the existence of stickball has become even more remarkable because the US government has been trying to end the game for more than a century and it was expected to come to an end.
“The missionaries were trying to integrate Native Americans into their daily American lives, and so the game really had a lot of brutal elements involved,” Ketchum said. “There was definitely a misunderstanding about the cultural aspects of the game.”
Ketchum is working on a book, The United States’ Efforts to Eliminate the Game of Stickball, which will look at how federal sports shaped the game, including efforts by missionary-run schools to “civilize” Native Americans, and the 1887 Davis Act. , Which stopped various indigenous practices.
“There was a fear that these cultural practices would allow indigenous peoples to come together and come together and they would not come together,” he said.
However, instead of letting the game die, local communities took stickball underground – some communities were playing at night.
“When they score, you can hear that ding and then everyone knows that someone scored a goal and [you would hear them] Their sticks clap, ”said Kecham.
Stickball has not only survived, it has remained a beloved indigenous sport World Series of Stickball At the annual Choctaw Indian Fair in Mississippi. Thousands often attend or literally watch summer events on YouTube.
Fort Worth: A commercial lacrosse location
His successor Lacrosse has also developed into a popular pastime in the US with many high school, college and professional teams. In fact, Fort Worth’s Dickies Arena is home Panther City Lacrosse Club Is part of National Lacrosse League.
Jeremy Thompson of Panther City is a member of the Onondaga Nation and is a Canadian who travels between Fort Worth and his home outside of Toronto. He is one of the few Panther City players to play full-time Lacrosse and is sponsored by Nike.
His influence in the game – along with his three brothers who are also professional lacrosse players – led him to collaborate with Nike for its creation. First Lacrosse Cleat, Huarache V..
Thompson said he grew up playing stickball and started playing lacrosse at the age of nine.
He said, “If you come from the Six Nations or Houdenosauni, you are born with a wooden stick.
Thompson said the game was given as a kind of medicine “to heal people mentally, emotionally it can be reduced in society”. Looking at the history of violence and repression against locals, Thompson said it is an important tradition to heal from the past.
“There was a massacre, of course – and so it’s always been a big part of it, that our people are coming in full circle and knowing who they are, their voice is in themselves,” he said.
It’s a deeply rooted original history and tradition that the average viewer in a lacrosse game may not be aware of, which is why Panther City has invited the local community in North Texas to lead Origins Night in February. Local advocates planned the event to educate the audience about the origins of lacrosse through special performances and demonstrations, including Little Brother of War.
“It was the Panthers’ first home win, Jeremy Thompson was selected as the player of the game, Native American culture was celebrated and some members of the community were honored who hadn’t seen the epidemic in months, ”said Rachel F. Said Salinas. , President of AT&T Inter-Tribal Council. “It was a welcome reunion. It was a good night. It was good medicine. ”
Thompson’s participation in the team has sparked interest among Native Americans in North Texas and has led many of them to participate in the Panther City Games.
Although the game is no longer used to end diplomatic controversy, cultural anthropologist Scott Ketchum says it still plays an important role in local communities as a form of social empowerment – especially for indigenous youth. It’s a way to remind locals of their roots and has important team-building qualities.
Panther City lacrosse player Jeremy Thompson, who has organized lacrosse camps for Native American youth, agrees.
“I think it’s all about coming together as people, as individuals,” he said. “In our culture, they say that keeping our minds together is a kind of concept as a whole and is rich for our communities and for different people around the world. It’s just like taking a single dish, a spoon-like concept. “
Kera News is made possible by the generosity of our members. If you find this report valuable, consider it Visiting tax-exempt Thanks today.
Got a tip? Email Elizabeth Myong here Emyong@KERA.org. You can follow Elizabeth on Twitter LiElizabeth_Myong.
window.fbAsyncInit = function() FB.init(
appId : '310883543495549',
xfbml : true, version : 'v2.9' ); ;
(function(d, s, id) var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s); if (d.getElementById(id)) return; js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; js.src = "https://connect.facebook.net/en_US/sdk.js"; fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); (document, 'script', 'facebook-jssdk'));